The Highwaymen Heritage Trail


Highwaymen Trail Stops


1. Seven Gables House
    482 North Indian River Drive
Fort Pierce’s Visitor Center and the beginning of The Highwaymen Heritage Trail
and the location of a Zora Neale Hurston Dust Tracks Heritage Trail information kiosk.

The house was built around 1905. In 1943, it was converted into a brothel that was
popular among many servicemen that were stationed in Fort Pierce during WWII.
The house was sold at auction in 1987 and became a taxidermy studio. It was donated
to the City of Fort Pierce in 1997 and was moved to its present location, and restored
into the City’s Visitor Center.



2. A.E. Backus Studio
    122 A.E. Backus Avenue
Former art studio of Albert Ernest “Bean” Backus, a talented and revered Florida landscape
artist. Backus is remembered for his impressionistic paintings of Florida and the Caribbean
and the mentorship he gave to many of the Florida Highwaymen. He was inducted into the
Florida Artists Hall of Fame in 1984. Main Street Fort Pierce purchased the property for their
offices in 2005.


Pine Grove-Hair

3. Pine Grove Cemetery
    10th Street and Avenue K
Location of decorated graves of three Highwaymen – Alfred Hair, Livingston ‘Castro’
Roberts and Johnny ‘Hook’ Daniels. When Pine Grove Cemetery was started, blacks
and whites were still segregated, even at death.



4. Lincoln Park Academy
    1806 Avenue I
Many of the Highwaymen attended Lincoln Park Academy where they received art lessons
from Zanobia Jefferson, who introduced future Highwayman Alfred Hair, to A.E. ‘Bean’
Backus. The school’s roots reach back to 1921 when it became the area’s first four-year
black high school. When Lincoln Park Academy was accredited in 1928, it was one of only
four accredited black high schools in Florida.



5. The Dunbar House
    2804 Dunbar Street
The home of Alfred and Doretha Hair, their four children and a popular gathering place
for several Highwaymen artists and their helpers. Hair often painted twenty or more
Florida scenes in a day here.



6. Eddie’s Place
    1907 Avenue D
Eddie’s Place was a juke joint where several Florida Highwaymen congregated. Alfred
Hair was shot and killed here in a bar fight by Julius Funderburk, a local ranch hand.



7. Highwaymen Trail Obelisk
    Avenue D and 15th Street
This grant-funded 20-foot obelisk features mosaic duplicates of Highwaymen paintings.
It was created by noted Florida artist Stephanie Jaffe Werner.


Mary Ann Carroll-4

8. Mary Ann Carroll
    Moore’s Creek Linear Park, Avenue B and 10th Street
Mary Ann Carroll is the only “Highwaywoman” – the lone female of the original twenty-six
Florida Hall of Fame awardees. Born in 1940, her family of sharecroppers moved to Fort
Pierce when she was 8. Mentored by Highwayman Harold Newton, Mary Ann sold her first
painting at 18.


Harold Newton-4

9. Harold Newton
    Moore’s Creek Linear Park, Avenue B and 10th Street
Harold Newton (1934-1994) was a central and founding member of the loose-knit group
known as the Florida Highwaymen. Despite his lack of formal training, Newton had an
exceptional ability to capture the subtlety and variety of Florida’s coastlines and wetlands.
His oil paintings, once sold door-to-door for very modest sums, now bring in the tens of
thousands, depending on the scene, composition, and quality.



10. Intermodal Transit Station
      8th Street and Avenue D
The west wall of the Intermodal Transit Station features 26 engraved plaques that list the
names of each artist mounted on a huge mosaic of a colorful Royal Poinciana tree, which
was painted by many of the Highwaymen artists in their landscape scenes.